Presentation of the Precision Aquaculture Study in Peru (PNIPA)

In the next 10 years, Peruvian aquaculture must achieve a technological development that allows it to be equated with the rest of the producing countries, with a properly specialized human capital and a high and sufficient investment in innovation.

Peru requires a transition towards a production model that fulfils the mission identified in this study and innovation is the unifying element on which it must be based and precision aquaculture must contribute to this.

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COVID-19 has stripped us naked and revealed that everything is connected and that health crises are also economic and environmental and social and global.

Mariana Mazzucato, who is being the leading economist in post-pandemic strategies for most of the world’s governments, is committed to sustainable, inclusive and intelligent growth with a powerful role for the state and governments.

She defends that mechanism must be generated that connect social challenges with specific projects, with clear objectives that can only be achieved through a portfolio of research projects and support measures.

This great challenge, based on innovation as an engine of change, must generate a new productive model, more efficient, more responsible, more socially and environmentally inclusive, always keeping an eye on the fundamental axis of climate change.

It should lead us to devise new methods of aquaculture production, look for alternative protein sources, implement models capable of preserving the value of food resources, making the supply chain efficient and reducing waste, in short, betting on an innovative model based on circular economy.

I believe that without innovation there is no future, but we must not let ourselves be dazzled by the word.

“Innovation is a discipline like finance, marketing or psychology. It is a body of knowledge, a field of study. It is not luck, nor magic, nor invention. » (J. Rao)

However, innovation is one of the most difficult current concepts to deal with, mainly due to its abstraction and heterogeneity, but also because its very definition includes constant change, the unsatisfied gaze, the perspective of the unfinished and the need continually wondering whether or not it is actually happening.

Aquaculture is a particularly conservative activity, it does not support environmental changes well, nor changes associated with raw materials, it does not tolerate overpopulation or climatic emergency. As with any other livestock.

Faced with this generalized emergency, in this sector, aquaculture, the need to innovate has been strongly reborn.

But this must be done in an orderly and committed manner, for this reason the actions aimed at guaranteeing a productive, sustainable, resilient, healthy, responsible and universally accessible food system; are the main recommendations of this study.

It insists on the need to reinforce research in techniques and technologies that allow a more respectful production with the environment, through the promotion of precision aquaculture and information and communication technologies (ICT).

It is necessary to ensure optimal management of resources; the need to strengthen the tools and instruments for transfer and advice to the producer sector to increase efficiency in the management of the main inputs: water, energy, food, health products and supply of quality seeds and larvae; without forgetting the main capital and strength of innovation, people

But we have seen that Peru has good wickedness to meet these objectives, people committed with desire and ability, with a will for change and a determined commitment in the form of these actions that are being led by the PNIPA.

Now we must make this roadmap our own and improve it, without being dazzled by the effect caused by new technologies, but always as a reference because what counts is an innovation focused on what is essential.

A precision aquaculture aimed at the least possible use of raw materials, with a lower impact on the environment, in the development of new products and new species. In essential services such as nutrition, health and management, take into account that it must adapt to environments where we have certain resource restrictions such as water, food or markets.

That you must be aware that it will be developed in areas with urgency such as communities and isolated regions.

That helps to obtain aquaculture products at adjusted prices and aimed at generating a direct benefit, not only economic but also social, ethical and environmental. In short, innovation consists of putting the future on the agenda of the present, since the results that we will obtain tomorrow go through adapting to a world that changes rapidly.

Not seeing it or not wanting to see it does not indicate that this will not happen. It will happen and when it happens, we will look back to do a forensic analysis of why things happened, but it will be too late.

The study we have carried out has allowed us to organize the need to innovate in the field of aquaculture, and for this we have set the agenda of the future in the present, the one Peru needs to achieve all its objectives. I encourage you to work as a team to achieve it. Thanks

The study is available at the following link:

 https://repositorio.pnipa.gob.pe/bitstream/20.500.12864/214/3/HR_ACUI%20DE%20PRECISION_VF.pdf

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